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Kenya Exploration Activities

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The Geology of Kenya can be grouped into five succession groups namely; Archean (Nyanzian and Kavirondian), Proterozoic (Mozambique Belt and Bukoban), Palaeozoic/Mesozoic sediments, Tertiary/Quaternary volcanics and Tertiary/Quaternary.    
Kenya has four (4) sedimentary Basins namely; Lamu, Anza, Mandera and Tertiary Basins covering an area of about 500,  Exploration for oil and gas started in Kenya in the 1950’s. The basins are divided into 62 exploration blocks which are at various stages of exploration.  To date, over 80,000km of 2D and 10, 000 sq. km 3 D seismic data has been acquired with over 70 exploratory wells drilled. Commercial oil discoveries have been made in the onshore blocks in the South Lokichar basin with recoverable reserves of 750 mmbo. The discoveries were made in 9 wells.  Non-commercial discoveries of oil and gas have also been made in the offshore blocks in the Mbawa-1 and Sunbird-1 wells of the Lamu basin.

To fast tract the development of the discovered resources the Government of Kenya has initiated the Field Development Plan (FDP) for the oil fields in the South Lokichar basin covering blocks 13T and 10Bb operated by Tullow Oil.  Well extended Testing (EWT) has been done in the Amosing -1 and Ngamia-1 wells in the same basin. Currently the government is exploring ways of early oil production and its evacuation.

To modernize the licensing regime, the Kenya government has reviewed the laws concerning the Production Sharing contract (PSC) to capture some of the emerging issues in the industry. The Bills have been debated in Parliament for enactment.