Speakers

Naboth Mugyrewa

Naboth Mugyrewa

Principal Petroleum Engineer

Directorate of Petroleum, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development, Uganda

Mr. Naboth Mugyerwa has an engineering background and has worked for Petroleum Exploration and Production Department and Midstream Petroleum Department for the last 20 years.  He holds a Master of Science in Offshore and Ocean Technology (Pipeline Engineering) from Cranfield University, UK, Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Electrical Engineering from Makerere University and a Higher National Diploma in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from University of Portsmouth, UK. In the last 6 years Mr. Mugyerwa he has been involved in planning for pipeline development in Uganda.


ABSTRACT

SESSION 25:  East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) Development and Regional Economic Benefits

Following the discovery of commercial oil reserves in Uganda in 2006, the Government and Upstream Oil Companies in Uganda commenced on the development and production phase of the oil and gas fields. During the development phase of oil and gas production field, a number of infrastructure are required to support the production. Necessary infrastructure include hydrocarbon receiving/processing plants, storage facilities and transportation pipelines. Prior to the oil and gas fields development, it is crucial to determine the appropriate transportation method to be used.

A number of studies were undertaken in the region to assess how Uganda’s crude oil would be transported to a port on the East African coast in order to access the international market. After evaluation of different modes of transport a decision was made to use a pipeline. Pipelines are widely used for the transportation of bulk hydrocarbons because they are safer, environment friendly, require less energy, have low maintenance costs, have a minimal impact on land or offshore use pattern, negligible loss of product in transit and highly reliable. Thus, careful planning of the pipeline route is of great importance and can save cost, time and operating expenses to ensure longer operational life, and help in preventing environmental fallouts.

Uganda being a land-locked country, three countries were considered as possible transit countries; namely Kenya, South Sudan and Tanzania. The evaluation of the routes through these countries was based on standard pipeline routing principles including economic considerations. The route selection was performed by considering engineering design, constructability, accessibility, operability, health, safety, environmental, security and logistics aspects of pipeline construction and operation.

Three routes were evaluated: two through Kenya (Hoima-Lokichar-Lamu and Hoima-Mombasa (with a spur from Nakuru-Lokichar) and one through Tanzania (Hoima-Tanga). The Hoima-Tanga route was selected as the least cost route for transporting Uganda’s crude to the East African coast. The 1445km long, 24-inch diameter, heated pipeline will be developed together with associated storage facilities and offshore loading facilities at Tanga port. The development of the East Africa Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) will provide a wide range of social economic benefits to the region.